Downpayment Assistance (DPA)
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For Loan Originators and Real Estate Agents... Down Payment Connect
Help from Clients2Homeowners.com: Retrieve Down Payment Assistance information including state, city, county SHIP, wholesaler and proprietary resources!
One of the greatest needs for clients is Down Payment Assistance (DPA). Because this website caters to ALL loan originators, whether you work at a bank, credit union or as an independent loan originator, it was important to provide a comprehensive list of ALL known programs. Lists are searchable and programs in your client's area can be searched by words such as their city, county, SHIP or state.
Three lists are provided:
The city/county (SHIP) and state programs on this site are for Florida but the wholesaler programs are available in other states as well. Wholesaler and Proprietary programs are available to independent loan originators, or mortgage brokers, as well as loan originators at banks and credit unions.
Not all DPA programs are the same. Check both 1st mortgage and 2nd loan guidelines to make sure that your client meets both sets of underwriting criteria!
What to check: variances in mortgage underwriting found between first mortgage programs and 2nd DPA programs
Income: most DPA programs have an income maximum (though a few do not). Some are for entire family income and some are for qualifying borrower income only. Often an area income applies. Make sure to check this in the DPA program.
Minimum credit score can vary. Don't assume that a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac automated approval for a lower credit score than the 2nd mortgage allows will work.
2nd loans can be mortgages or grants. Some have criteria that allows forgiveness of the 2nd and these are usually called grants. However, some 2nd mortgages can also be forgivable.
Some 2nd mortgage loan payments are required to be included in the max. DTI while others aren't.
Wholesaler programs most often require one underwrite of the 1st mortgage and 2nd mortgage through the wholesaler.
County SHIP and other proprietary programs often require a mortgage approval from the first mortgage lender and a second underwrite and approval from the DPA provider. Some will allow a simultaneous submission of the 1st and the 2nd DPA. Check with your programs.
2nd loan qualifying ratios are often different than the 1st mortgage ratios. check if the max. DTI must include the 2nd DPA loan payment or not in this DTI.
Don't assume that a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac automated approval with lower credit scores or higher DTI is acceptable! However, some programs have changed recently to accept automated approval findings!
Check overlays with all DPA programs.
If you get a denial with an automated Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac submission, contact either automated underwriting system (AUS) to find out why. Often, there is specific criteria on how to enter a DPA 2nd and there is more than one option. Also insure that you have correct inputs on the addendum page in your loan operating system to insure correctness. For loan originators that are not used to running their own AUS, it is highly advised that you run this FIRST before setting a client up with a DPA program.
For city, state and SHIP programs, call considered program ahead of time to make sure funds are available! Especially in 2020, many programs weren't available. Wholesaler funds are available year round.
Some programs require that the client, loan originator and real estate agents must take a class prior to writing a contract! Check with the available DPA program ahead of time.
Wholesaler and proprietary DPA program interest rates are often very competitive with city, state and county SHIP programs!
Start new homebuyer conversations with your personalized landing page
Today’s consumers are spending more time online getting prepared for homeownership and researching their down payment options. Now is the time to show them you can help.
We know it’s difficult to show homebuyers up-to-date down payment program opportunities. We created a better way.
Down Payment Connect makes it easy to match buyers to down payment help that is right for them. We track the details for more than 2,400 homeownership programs across the country, including all the options right in your backyard.
Here’s how it works:
You promote your personalized landing page anywhere you are online.
Buyers search for programs through your landing page.
Buyers view basic results and complete the contact form to get more details.
You get leads delivered to your inbox with details about all their results.
"Many DPA sources exist, including wholesaler DPA for mortgage brokers and even proprietary programs like the conventional program at Solita's House HUD Housing Counseling Agency! The key is to be aware of combined 1st mortgage and DPA second mortgage guidelines!"
Pam Marron, Loan Originator/NMLS#246438
"The thoroughness of detail for each program profile provided at DownPaymentResource.com gives loan originators the ability to match up DPA criteria with first mortgage criteria perfectly! If there is any question, the contacts for the DPA program is included. DownPaymentResource.com is by far the most complete and comprehensive data source for down payment assistance and includes a growing number of wholesale and proprietary DPA providers! Checkout a sample of what detail for each program looks like here. Marketing assets to allow both loan originators and real estate agents to promote DPA availability is also included."
Pam Marron, Loan Originator/NMLS#246438
Florida City, County SHIP & State Programs
Many cities and localities including Indian Tribes and counties (usually listed as SHIP and NSP under type) have downpayment 2nd mortgages and grant assistance for eligible homebuyers. Florida at the state level also has DPA that is both the 1st and 2nd mtg and also just a 2nd mtg. However, Florida state programs are restricted to a limited list of lenders and are not commonly available to independent loan originators.
City, county and state DPA programs are funded by local or state government entities and specific dollar amounts are allocated throughout the year. Make sure to call these programs beforehand to check on availability of funds.
City, county and state programs listed are available in Florida only.
Check County SHIP Funds First!
The benefit of using county SHIP is that it provides a 2nd mortgage that is attached to an FHA, VA, Conventional and USDA 1st mortgage with current interest rates. Combined 1st and 2nd DPA programs commonly have a higher 1st and 2nd mortgage interest rate.
However, county SHIP and local city DPA often have separate underwriting guidelines and restrictions, like income and ratio maximums and credit score minimums that are different than the 1st mortgage.
Also, many county SHIP and city DPA programs require loan originators, realtors and the client to take a HUD approved class on homeownership in order to utilize DPA funds. Make sure to check all DPA underwriting criteria, availability of funds and if you must be on an approved list before issuing a client pre-approval to find a home.
County SHIP programs listed are available in Florida only.
WHY include Wholesaler DPA Programs?
In the last few years, wholesalers have begun to offer highly competitive DPA programs that provide either just the 2nd mortgage or both the 1st and 2nd mortgage. These wholesaler DPA programs are available to independent loan originators and are often highly competitive with city and state bond programs. Also, they don't run out of money like many city, state and county programs do.
There are some programs that independent loan originators cannot utilize. However, the growing number of wholesaler programs available often offer higher ratios, a few have no max. income critieria and interest rates are highly competitive with state programs.
Wholesaler proprietary programs are available both in and outside of Florida.
Proprietary Wholesaler Programs
Two proprietary wholesaler downpayment assistance programs are detailed:
AFR Wholesale/DPA Advantage (FHA)
Land Home Financial Services (FHA and Conv)
Solita's House HUD HCA Down Payment Assistance Conv. (Approved with UWM as Community 2nd!)
Wholesalers that offer Chenoa Funds
The Chenoa Fund is an affordable housing program administered by CBC Mortgage Agency (CBCMA), a federally chartered governmental entity. CBCMA specializes in providing down payment assistance financing under FHA and conventional guidelines.
CBCMA has a mission to increase affordable and sustainable homeownership, specifically for creditworthy, low- and moderate-income individuals. CBCMA partners with reputable mortgage lenders on a correspondent basis to provide loans for qualified home buyers. CBCMA has several program options to choose from that include down payment assistance in the form of second mortgages on:
FHA insured loans
A list of correspondent wholesale lenders that provide Chenoa Funds are provided and are available both in and outside of Florida.
Where other DPA programs can be found. Let us know when you hear of new one!
Please let us know when you hear of new programs across the U.S. by emailing email@example.com.